TEXTILE IMPORTANT DEFINITION BY: RANJAN KUMAR.[NIT JALANDHAR]
FIBER;-it is unit of matter which is minim. 100 times longer than its own thickness.
HANK:–a length of 7 leas or 840 yards.
COUNT:– no. of piece of thread of 840 yards in one pound [454 gm]
That is 40s count is coarser than 80s count.
THREAD:–a length of 54” [ circumference of a wrap beam]
BUNDLE: — usually 10 lbs.
LEA:–a length of 80 thread or 120 yards…
DENIER: — is the linear mass density [mass in gm per 9000 meters.]
TEX:– mass in gm per 1000 meters..
MOMMES[ mm]:– is unit of wt. traditionally used to measure the density of silk. Mommes express the wt. in pounds of piece of material of size 45” by 100 yards[1 mommes= 4.34.gm/m2]
END PER INCH:– is the no. of wrap thread per inch of woven fabrics rics..higher the EPI then finer the fabrics.
PICKS PER INCH:–is the no. of weft thread per inch of woven fabrics .a pick is a single weft thread . higher the PPI finer the fabrics.
A FIBRE IS GENERALLY COSIDERED A MICROFIBRE if IT IS ONE DENIER OR LESS.
A ONE DENIER POLYESTER FIBRE HAS A DIAMETER OF ABOUT 10 MICROMETER..
S or SUPER S no. is the fineness of the wool fibre.
WORSTED COUNT[ SPINNING COUNT]:- is an indirect measure of the fineness of the fibre in a worsted wool yarn expressed as the no. of 560-yards length[ hanks] of worsted yarn that a pound of wool yields..